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Southwest Jiaotong University School of Mathematics

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Duke-NUS医学院成青博士学术报告

澳门皇冠金沙网站:   作者:Department of statistics     日期:2019-12-31 14:33:02   点击数:  

报告时间: 2020年1月3日周五上午10:30~11:30

报告地点 X2511


报告题目: MR-LDP: a two-sample Mendelian randomization for GWAS summary statistics accountinglinkage disequilibrium and horizontal pleiotropy


Abstract:

The proliferation of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has prompted the use of two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) with genetic variants as instrumental variables (IV) for drawing reliable causal relationships between health risk factors and disease outcomes. However, the unique features of GWAS demand MR methods account for both linkage disequilibrium (LD) and ubiquitously existing horizontal pleiotropy among complex traits, which is a phenomenon that a variant affects the outcome other than exclusively through the exposure. Therefore, statistical methods that fail to consider LD and horizontal pleiotropy can lead to biased estimates and false-positive causal relationships. To overcome these limitations, we propose a probabilistic model for MR analysis to identify causal effect between risk factors and disease outcomes by using GWAS summary statistics in the presence of LD, as well as properly accounts for horizontal Pleiotropy among genetic variants (MR-LDP). MR-LDP utilizes a computationally efficient parameter-expanded variational Bayes expectation-maximization (PX-VBEM) algorithm, calibrating the evidence lower bound (ELBO) for a likelihood ratio test. We further conducted comprehensive simulation studies to demonstrate the advantages of MR-LDP over existing methods in terms of both type-I error control and point estimates. Moreover, we used two real exposure-outcome pairs (CAD-CAD and BMI-BMI; CAD for coronary artery disease and BMI for body mass index) to validate results from MR-LDP in comparison with alternative methods, particularly showing that our method is more efficient using all instrumental variants in LD. By further applying MR-LDP to lipid traits and BMI as risk factors on complex diseases, we identified multiple pairs of significant causal relationships, including protective effect of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on peripheral vascular disease (PVD), and positive causal effect of body mass index (BMI) on hemorrhoids.


报告人简介

Qing received her Ph.D. in Statistics from the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.  She is now a research fellow at Duke-NUS Medical School. Her current research interests are on the functional regression model, interaction detection, Empirical Bayes, Variational inference and Bayesian variable selection.

成青在上海财经大学获得统计学博士学位,现在是Duke-NUS 医学院的研究员。目前主要研究方向为函数回归模型、交互检测、经验贝叶斯、变分推论和贝叶斯变量选择。



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